Ενεργειακή Αξιοποίηση Κλάσματος μη Ανακυκλώσιμων Αστικών Απορριμμάτων σε μία Βιώσιμη Αγορά Παραγωγής Ενέργειας από Απορρίμματα
Energy Exploitation of Non-Recyclable Urban Waste in an Sustainable waste to Energy Market ENERGY WASTE

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Actions and means involved:

  • Know-how transfer: transfer of knowledge will be performed from other areas having applied innovative approaches for the electricity generation from waste recovered fuels and from relevant EC funded initiatives in the EU. Good practices will be identified, studied and their key issues will be applied in the organisation of the whole waste exploitation chain from SRF production to electricity generation.

  • Public consultation and networking activities. These activities will ensure that aspects and particularities at local level are successfully addressed and that the proposed scheme achieves to get the maximum level of support from all interested parties – local stakeholders and municipalities – and the general public, to enable synergies and building consensus that will maximise the positive effects of the project. Furthermore, these activities will constitute the base on which the business scenarios will be developed and integrated into one or more collaboration schemes. A strong European dimension is ensured by the participation of the European Renewable Energies Federation (EREF).

  • The conversion of non-recyclable urban waste to a fuel ready form for energy recovery: Based on the coordinating beneficiary’s previous experience, the non-recyclable waste will be transformed to a Solid Recovered Fuel (SRF), the properties of which will be harmonised according to EN/TC 343. Towards that direction, the expertise of CERTH/ISFTA’s personnel through its participation in the CEN Technical Committees will be explored.

  • The design, construction, commissioning and initial testing of the gasification unit: Using the vast experience of the coordinating beneficiary on construction projects of real renewable energy applications, a gasification unit will be built. Related infrastructure, such as flue gas cleaning systems and measurement equipment will also be installed.

  • Pilot testing and evaluation of gasifier’s performance: The coordinating beneficiary assisted by the CERTH/ISFTA operates the gasification unit and monitor all operational data and emitted pollutants values. The tests will run for a significant period of time (at least 100 hours of operation). The collected results will be analysed and evaluated in terms of the proposed scheme sustainability and environmental benefits.
    - Development of a review and sustainability analysis to form guidelines for the continuation of the plant operation and the development of new collaboration schemes after the project execution. CERTH/ISFTA will have the leading role to assess the sustainability of the proposed scheme under technical, environmental, economic and social terms. Impacts on CO2 emissions with regard to the EU 20-20-20 target will be evaluated. Furthermore, a replication guide will be produced which will address all aspects, constraints and indicators needed for an effective application of the acquired knowledge into other areas of Greece and Europe in general.

  • Dissemination activities for the facilitation of the project execution and the diffusion of project results: A project website will be developed that will provide access to all project reports and deliverables. Project dissemination activities also include the organisation of workshops and round table discussions, the presentation of the project in major national and international conferences and exhibitions and the organisation of three major dissemination events half way and towards the end of the project.

  • Project management activities, which will ensure the proper execution of the project in terms of actions, financial resources and time-wise. EPANA is the coordinator, while CERTH/ISFTA will assist the technical coordination since enhanced expertise is needed as concerns the design and development of the thermal treatment facility.

The most important means that will be used include:

  • A Benchmarking study. This study will cover the state of the art analysis of waste exploitation technologies and electricity generation applications from SRF, with focus on the standardised properties of the raw material and environmental restrictions.

  • A network of key stakeholders in the waste management in Greece developed through the project and based on the local and national particularities and the analysis of international best practices and experience in waste-to-energy projects.

  • Analytical characterisation procedures to classify the produced SRF according to the developing EN/TC 343 standard.

  • Design and construction of an innovative gasification unit, employing SRF as a renewable energy source (due to its high biogenic share, i.e. over 65%wt).

  • Operational protocols and standards for the measurements that will verify the safe operation unit according to the European environmental standards

  • Review and sustainability analysis. These analyses are based on the experience acquired throughout the project’s execution, especially during the pilot testing. They will focus on a) maximising the project’s results as regards the efficiency of SRF utilisation to electricity generation, b) proving the sustainability of the examined scheme, c) providing recommendations to policy makers how to overcome the institutional, legal and other obstacles that prohibit the sustainable energy exploitation of waste and d) ensuring that the project’s results will have a strong replication potential (by providing tailored guidelines) across Greece, and Europe in general.

  • A Cost Benefit Analysis (CBA) as a tool for the economic evaluation of proposed methods, scenarios and schemes, in order to determine the most promising options.

  • Development of a pilot environment for the application and evaluation of the proposed SRF production and energy exploitation schemes. The pilot application phase of the project constitutes a key component and a means of assessing the effectiveness of the proposed scheme.
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